Citation Guides

Citation Guides
AMA
APA
ASA
Chicago
CSE/NLM
MLA
ICMJE (AKA Uniform)

Citation Guides

Citing is a very important part of the academic writing process. For assistance with referencing and citations, the library staff at the Beryl Ivey Library have created quick-reference guides for the major styles used at Brescia.

Under each Citation Style tab, you will find some information about the style and the Brescia Guide in both Word and PDF.

Please note that specialized citations, formatting, and style questions should still be directed toward to manual for each specific style.

Some journals will use title abbreviations. To learn interpreting or creating these, check out our Acronyms and Abbreviations page.

AMA Style

The American Medical Association (AMA) citation style is commonly used in medical and health sciences. The Brescia AMA Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citation and referencing in AMA style.

AMA Guide - PDF
AMA Guide - Word

For more information please see:

American Medical Association Manual of Style

APA Style

The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is commonly used in the social sciences. The Brescia APA Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in APA style.

APA Guide - PDF
APA Guide - Word

For more information, please see:

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Ed)
APA Style Guide to Electronic References

ASA Style

The American Sociological Association (ASA) is commonly used in the social sciences. The Brescia ASA Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in ASA style.

ASA Guide - PDF
ASA Guide - Word

For more information, please see:

American Sociological Association Style Guide (5th Ed.)

Chicago Style

The Chicago Style is commonly used in the social sciences. The Brescia Chicago Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in Chicago style. The Chicago Manual of Style requires either (1) footnotes and a bibliography or (2) in-text author-date citations and a reference list. Our citation guide shows examples for footnotes and a bibliography. You can find examples for option (2) in the Chicago Manual of Style.

Chicago Guide - PDF
Chicago Guide - Word

For more information, please see:

The Chicago Manual of Style

CSE/NLM Style

The Council of Science Editors (CSE) and National Library of Medicine (NLM) styles are commonly used in the sciences. This style is also used in the Journal of Food Science. The Brescia CSE/NLM Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in CSE/NLM style.  Our guide follows the Name-Year format, which corresponds with the format used in the Journal of Food Science.

CSE/NLM Guide - PDF
CSE/NLM Guide - Word

This style relies on journal abbreviations. For assistance with abbreviating journal titles, try:

  1. The NLM Journal Catalog
  2. Web of Science
  3. Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory — Search by journal title or keywords and click the link for more information. Abbreviations are located in the “Additional Title Details” section under “MEDLINE abbreviation.”

For more information, please see:

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (7th Ed.)
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd Ed.)

MLA Style

The Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style is commonly used in the humanities. The Brescia MLA Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in MLA style.

MLA Guide - PDF
MLA Guide - Word

For more information, please see:

MLA Handbook

ICMJE Recommendations Style

The ICMJE Recommendations is commonly used in the sciences. This style was previously known as the Uniform Requirements or Vancouver style. The ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) publishes the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. The Brescia ICMJE Recommendations Citation Guide will give you a basic introduction to in-text citations and referencing in this style.

ICMJE Recommendations Guide - PDF
ICMJE Recommendations Guide - Word

This style relies on journal abbreviations. For assistance with abbreviating journal titles, try:

  1. The NLM Journal Catalog
  2. Web of Science
  3. Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory — Search by journal title or keywords and click the link for more information. Abbreviations are located in the “Additional Title Details” section under “MEDLINE abbreviation.”

For more information, please see:

Samples of Formatted References for Authors of Journal Articles

Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd Ed.)